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公共英语等级考试PETS二级语法资料汇总(七)冠词

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文章内容
(七)冠词
1.冠词的概念及种类:
 
分类
含义
形式
例词
说明
不定冠词
表示“一”,强调类别
a
a pen
用于单数可数名词前,表泛指
an
an Englishman
定冠词
this这
that那
these这些
those那些
the
the bike
the water
the empty box
用于各类名词前,表特指
 
2.不定冠词a/an的用法:
用 法
举 例
用于单数可数名词前,指类别
Joan is an English teacher.
用于单数可数名词前,泛指某人或物
There’s a letter for you.
用于指初次提到某人/物
She has a dog.
指某类物或人中的“任何一个”
A horse runs fast.
用在不可数名词前表“一次/场/”或“一个/种人或物”
I would like a coffee.
用于时间、度量衡名词前表“每一”
He has two meals a day.
用于某些习惯用语或固定词组中
as a result(of),have a rest
have a chat,in a hurry
have a word with sb.
a little,a lot(of),a pair of
a cup of,a great deal of
 
3.定冠词the的常见用法:
用法
    句
用在序数词前
Tom is always the first to get to school.
用在形容词最高级前
Is it the most difficult lesson in this term?
特指双方都知道的人/物
Did you go to the hospital just now?
指前面出现的人/物
He has a dog.The dog is named Huzi.
指世上独一无二的事物前
The sun rises in the east.
用在被修饰限定的人/物前
Do you know the boy talking with our teacher?
乐器、文娱等名称前
She plays the piano.
注:play football (football前不加the)
“年代”数词前
In the 1960’s China is in disorder.
“方位、方向”名词前
Please turn to the left.
用在姓氏复数前表一家人或夫妇
The Smiths are having dinner.
用在某些形容词,表一类人/物
The English are friendly.
用在阶级、机构、党派的名词前
America is a member of the United Nations.
江河、海湖、海湾、海峡、群岛、山脉等的名词前
The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.
在固定搭配中
by the way,in the end


 

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