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2011年12月英语六级全真模拟题听力 01

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听力原文

Part III
  Listening Comprehension
  (35 minutes)

  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, oneor more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. Aftereach question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], anddecide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答
  11.
  [A] The man should try to be more understanding.
  [B ] The man’s wife should be more understanding.
  [C ]The man’s negative attitude may be derived from his childhood.
  [D] The pessimism of the man’s wife may be the result of her past experiences.12. [A] A snowstorm.
  [B] An earthquake.
  [C] A traffic accident.
  [D] A hurricane.
  13.
  [A] The two speakers are classmates.
  [B] The man is majoring in elementary education
  [C] The woman is majoring in elementary education.
  [D] The two speakers got to know each other in a class.
  14.
  [A] At 6:15.
  [B] At 5:50.
  [C] At 16:05.
  [D] At 16:15.
  15.
  [A] Unemployment.
  [B] Family breakup.
  [C] Mental problems.
  [D] Drinking.
  16.
  [A] She disagrees with the man.
  [B] She doesn’t enjoy long speeches.
  [C] She hadn’t known how long the speech would be.
  [D] She doesn’t have a special opinion about the speaker.
  17.
  [A] They are attending a concert.
  [B] They are negotiating about a price.
  [C] They are planning to go for a date.
  [D] They are buying something for their firm.
  18.
  [A] The man is a football fan.
  [B] The man needs the woman’s help.
  [C] The man didn’t watch TV last night.
  [D] The man often has power failure at home.
  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19.
  [A] He hiked along the Colorado River.
  [B] He explored the Colorado River.
  [C] He camped along the Colorado River.
  [D] He visited the Colorado city.
  20.
  [A] Because they want to sell canteens.
  [B] Because they want to educate the tourists about park conditions.
  [C] Because the tourists may get sick or die from dehydration.
  [D] Because the tourists may get lost.
  21.
  [A] Because she had too many things with her.
  [B] Because she was sick.
  [C] Because she was quite lazy.
  [D] Because she didn’t want to get sick at high altitudes.
  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  22.
  [A] She needs some information.
  [B] She wants packing materials.
  [C] She is checking her package.
  [D] She is moving to California.
  23.
  [A] Fresh fruit.
  [B] A gift certificate.
  [C] Homemade candy.
  [D] A wedding present.
  24.
  [A] The next day.
  [B] On Saturday.
  [C] In three days.
  [D] In one week.
  25.
  [A] Regular service.
  [B] Overnight express.
  [C] Same day delivery.
  [D] Priority service.
  Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D] Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2 with a single line through the Center.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答
  Passage One
  Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26.
  [A] At school.
  [B] At home.
  [C] At Youth Clubs.
  [D] At Youth Centers.
  27.
  [A] They develop their identities within peer groups.
  [B] They receive informal education.
  [C] They perform voluntary community services.
  [D] They participate in all kinds of extracurricular activities.
  28.
  [A] About four million.
  [B] About seven million.
  [C] About five million.
  [D] About six million.
  29.
  [A] Sport events.
  [B] Cultural activities.
  [C] Counseling.
  [D] Creative activities.
  Passage Two
  Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.30.
  [A] Many students try to study the whole night before an exam.
  [B] Sleep may improve memory.
  [C] Exams may harm memory.
  [D] Sleep can improve listening ability.
  31.
  [A] Sleep can strengthen memories.
  [B] Sleep can recover memories.
  [C] Sleep can protect memories against interference.
  [D] Sleep can harm memories.
  32.
  [A] It’s similar to playing notes on a piano.
  [B] It requires a night’s sleep.
  [C] It’s similar to the way a computer stores information.
  [D] It requires no sleep.
  Passage Three
  Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  33.
  [A] Two.
  [B] Three.
  [C] Four.
  [D] Five.
  34.
  [A] Business success takes a high level of activity.
  [B] Top managers are generally gifted at judging people.
  [C] Business success takes the ability to cope with stress.
  [D] Different executives make their communications come through in different ways.
  35.
  [A] Be unable to breathe.
  [B] Be overcome by pressure.
  [C] Become speechless.
  [D] Be scared by pressure.
  Section C
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
  注意:此部分试题在答题卡2上;请在答题卡2上作答。 [Page]  Section A
  11.D综合推断题。男士不明白自己妻子为什么总是以消极的态度看待一切,女土说他应该了解一下妻子的童年,因此,女士的意思是男士妻子的消极态度可能与过去的经历有关,所以D正确。
  考点
  put up with意为“容忍,忍受”,与put有关的常用浏组还有:put up举起(手),搭建,张贴,捐赠,提出(建议等);put up a fight(resistance)进行战斗(抵抗);put sb.Up to sth./doing sth.怂恿某人做某事;put sb.up提名某人为候选人,如:We want to put you up for club treasurer.我们想请你担任俱乐部的财务员。
  12.B综合推断题。结合对话中的floor,bouncin9和rolling推断,当时发生了地震,所以B正确。
  13.C信息明示题。由女士的问话Are you also majoring in elementary education,特别是其中的also可知,女士的专业是基础教育,所以C正确。
  考点
  major作动词时意为“主修”,常与介词in搭配,后接表科目的名词;作名词时意为“主修课”;作形容词时意为“主修的;主要的”。
  14.D综合推断题。女士说should have taken off at l4:00,用的是虚拟语气,表明飞机并没有在14:00起飞,结
  合后面的grounded for two hours and fifteen minutes可知,飞机在14:00+2:15=16:15起飞,故选D。
  考点
  虚拟结构should have done表示对过去的假设,意为“本应该……,而未……",与其类似的虚拟结构would have done也表示对过去的假设,如:If they had left earlier, they would have caught the train.他们要是早一点动身就赶上火车了。
  15.B信息明示题。女士问在街上流浪的是哪些人,男士说有失业的,有精神病患者,还有一些酒鬼,并没有提及家庭破裂者,排除B。
  考点
  get to(doing)sth.意为“开始着手做某事”,与get相关的短语还有:get to sb、对……产生影响,如:Her constant nagging is beginning to get to him.她不停的唠叨惹得他生起气来。
  16.D语义替换题。男士说演讲者太令人厌烦了,女上却说:“我不知道,事实上,我对他没有特别的感觉。”由此可以推断D正确。
  17.B 综合推断题。女士说这是自己的最低价并表示不能再让步;男士说如果是这样,就无需再讨论了,他们将取消整笔交易,由此可知他们在商议价格,所以B正确。本题的关键词是rock-bottom price(最低价)以及cancel the whole deal(取消整笔交易)。
  考点
  point一般意为“点,尖端”,意为“要点”时的常见短语有:beside the point离题的;I take your point(about)你说得是,你说得对;make a point of doing sth.总是要做某事,重视,如:I always make a point of checking that all the windows are close before I leave.出门前我总是要检查所有的窗户是否都关好了。
  as well意为“也;最好还是”,如:It would be as well to call and say we can,t make it.还是打个电话说我们没法及时抵达比较好。
  18.A综合推断题。女士问男士为什么不高兴,男士说他家里昨晚停电,他错过了大半场足球比赛,由此可知,男士是位足球迷,所以A正确。
  考点
  smart是口语中常用到的一个小词,词性及意思较多,常用作形容词,其常见的用法有:
  ①意为“漂亮的,潇洒的”,如:Monica always wears smart clothes.莫尼卡总穿漂亮的衣服。②意为“精明的,聪明的”,如:Jack is a smart businessman.杰克是个精明的商人。
  Conversation One
  19.A信息明示题。女士问男士的大峡谷之行怎么样,男士回答说很棒,他们花了五天的时间在科罗拉多河沿岸远足并探索边上的峡谷,故选A。
  20.C信息明示题。男士说据他了解,每年都有游客因为脱水而生病或死亡,由此可知,工作人员确认游客是否带有足够多的水是怕游客因脱水而发生危险,故选C。
  21.D综合推断题。女士最后描述了自己在尼泊尔的经历,她知道高原反应确实是个问题,所以她雇了当地的行李搬运工帮自己把东西抬到高海拔地区,也就是说她雇搬运工就是为了尽量避免高原反应,故选D。
  考点
  end up意为“到达或来到某处,达到某状态或采取某行动”,其后可接in引导的地点状语,也可接动名词,其他与end相关的短语还有:end in sth.以某事物作为结尾或结果;end sth.off(妥当或顺利地)结束某事物,例如:I ended off my speech by telling a joke.我最后讲了一个笑话结束了讲话。
  Conversation Two
  22.A综合推断题。女士开始说自己打电话是想询问一些寄包裹的问题,接着询问了有关所邮寄物品和所需时间的具体问题,由此可知,女士打电话是想要咨询信息,故选A。
  23.C信息明示题。女士说自己有一一盒自制的糖果,想寄给自己的妹妹,故选C。
  24.B信息明示题。女士询问包裹能否在自己妹妹过生日那天,也就是周六寄到,由此可知,她妹妹的生日是周六,故选B。
  25.D综合推断题。男士向女士推荐了一种优先服务,可以保证包裹在三天后到达,男士最后还建议女士带包裹去他们那儿,说他们会用优先服务将包裹寄出,女士对此表示同意,即她很可能会用优先服务寄出包裹,故选D。
  考点
  be concerned about意为“为……担心的,忧虑的”,与concerned相关的短语还有:be concerned in sth.与某事有牵连;be concerned to do sth.把做某事视为自己的事;be concerned with sth.与某事物有关;be concerned for sth.担心某事物,例如:My parents ale concerned for my safety.我父母都为我的安全担忧。 [Page]  Section B
  Passage One
  文章精要
  文章指出英国年轻人生活中比较重要的三个场所分别是:家庭、学校和青年俱乐部。然后又详细介绍了不
  同场所在青年人的成长与发展过程中所起的重要作用。
  26.B信息明示题。文章第一段最后指出,年轻人会花大量的空闲时间在家陪家人或朋友,所以B正确。
  27.A信息明示题。文章第二段指出,school is the main social environment where children…develop their identities within peer groups,因此A正确。B、C、D均不是孩子们在学校所做的事,故排除。
  28.D信息明示题。文章第三段最后指出,一项调查最近估算出,有将近六百万的英国青年曾经是或现在是
  “青年服务”的参与者,因此D正确。
  29.C 信息明示题。文章最后一段指出,青年俱乐部和青年中心鼓励成员参与体育、文化和创造性活动,以及社会服务,而咨询服务是这些组织提供给其成员的,并不是他们鼓励成员参与的活动,因此C正确。Passage Two
  文章精要
  文章指出,有两项研究表明,睡眠有可能改善记忆力。文章分别介绍了两项研究的具体内容、结论,并给出了专家的看法,即睡眠确实可以改善记忆力。
  30.B信息明示题。文章第一段指出,The studies found that a good nights sleep may improve memory.由此可知,B正确。
  31.D信息明示题。文章第三段指出,Professor Margoliash认为睡眠可以增强记忆力并保护记忆不受干扰,此外睡眠还可以恢复丧失的记忆,故选D。
  32.C信息明示题。文章倒数第二句指出,科学家认为该过程与计算机存储信息的方式类似,所以C正确。Passage Three
  文章精要
  文章首先提出了有关成功的两个问题,接着介绍了可以助人成功的四个特质:有干劲、善于判断人、良好
  的沟通能力、面对压力时保持冷静。
  33.C信息明示题。文章第三段通过问题what are the specific traits that will help people to climb the ladder of success?引出了可以助人成功的几个特质,再由下面的First…Second…Third…Fourth…可知,文章一共提到了四点,因此C正确。
  34.B 综合推断题。文章第五段指出,The skill can be instinctual,but in most cases it’s learned through hard work.也就是说,判断人的能力可能是出于本能,但在大多数情况下,都是学习而获得的,故选B。A、C、D三项可分别根据第四段、最后一段和倒数第二段的内容排除。
  35.B综合推断题。文章最后一段介绍了有助于成功的第四个特质,calm under pressure或grace under pressure,即面对压力时可以保持冷静或优雅;该段最后指出,商人如果choke up,就不会有大的成就,再结合前文可知,choke up指的应该就是被压力击垮,因此B正确。 [Page]  Section C
  文章精要文章通过描述害羞的人的常见心理活动和行为方式,以及由于他们的害羞而给自己的生活和周围的人所带来的影响,论述了害羞的人应该正确对待自己的优缺点,对自己有客观而现实的认识。
  36. self-conscious
  37. Worrisome
  38. unattractive
  39. adversely
  40. reflected
  41. reactions
  42. profound
  43. criticism
  44. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise
  45. It is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful
  46. Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weaknesses as well as their strengths

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